Skip to main content
Version: Next

PlaywrightCrawler

Provides a simple framework for parallel crawling of web pages using headless Chromium, Firefox and Webkit browsers with Playwright. The URLs to crawl are fed either from a static list of URLs or from a dynamic queue of URLs enabling recursive crawling of websites.

Since Playwright uses headless browser to download web pages and extract data, it is useful for crawling of websites that require to execute JavaScript. If the target website doesn’t need JavaScript, consider using CheerioCrawler, which downloads the pages using raw HTTP requests and is about 10x faster.

The source URLs are represented using Request objects that are fed from RequestList or RequestQueue instances provided by the PlaywrightCrawlerOptions.requestList or PlaywrightCrawlerOptions.requestQueue constructor options, respectively.

If both PlaywrightCrawlerOptions.requestList and PlaywrightCrawlerOptions.requestQueue are used, the instance first processes URLs from the RequestList and automatically enqueues all of them to RequestQueue before it starts their processing. This ensures that a single URL is not crawled multiple times.

The crawler finishes when there are no more Request objects to crawl.

PlaywrightCrawler opens a new Chrome page (i.e. tab) for each Request object to crawl and then calls the function provided by user as the PlaywrightCrawlerOptions.requestHandler option.

New pages are only opened when there is enough free CPU and memory available, using the functionality provided by the AutoscaledPool class. All AutoscaledPool configuration options can be passed to the PlaywrightCrawlerOptions.autoscaledPoolOptions parameter of the PlaywrightCrawler constructor. For user convenience, the minConcurrency and maxConcurrency AutoscaledPoolOptions are available directly in the PlaywrightCrawler constructor.

Note that the pool of Playwright instances is internally managed by the BrowserPool class.

Example usage:

const crawler = new PlaywrightCrawler({
async requestHandler({ page, request }) {
// This function is called to extract data from a single web page
// 'page' is an instance of Playwright.Page with page.goto(request.url) already called
// 'request' is an instance of Request class with information about the page to load
await Dataset.pushData({
title: await page.title(),
url: request.url,
succeeded: true,
})
},
async failedRequestHandler({ request }) {
// This function is called when the crawling of a request failed too many times
await Dataset.pushData({
url: request.url,
succeeded: false,
errors: request.errorMessages,
})
},
});

await crawler.run([
'http://www.example.com/page-1',
'http://www.example.com/page-2',
]);

Hierarchy

Index

Constructors

constructor

  • All PlaywrightCrawler parameters are passed via an options object.


    Parameters

    Returns PlaywrightCrawler

Properties

optionalautoscaledPool

autoscaledPool?: AutoscaledPool

A reference to the underlying AutoscaledPool class that manages the concurrency of the crawler.

NOTE: This property is only initialized after calling the crawler.run() function. We can use it to change the concurrency settings on the fly, to pause the crawler by calling autoscaledPool.pause() or to abort it by calling autoscaledPool.abort().

browserPool

browserPool: BrowserPool<{ browserPlugins: [PlaywrightPlugin] }, [PlaywrightPlugin], BrowserController<BrowserType<{}>, undefined | LaunchOptions, Browser, undefined | { acceptDownloads?: boolean; baseURL?: string; bypassCSP?: boolean; colorScheme?: light | dark | no-preference; deviceScaleFactor?: number; extraHTTPHeaders?: {}; forcedColors?: none | active; geolocation?: { accuracy?: number; latitude: number; longitude: number }; hasTouch?: boolean; httpCredentials?: { password: string; username: string }; ignoreHTTPSErrors?: boolean; isMobile?: boolean; javaScriptEnabled?: boolean; locale?: string; logger?: Logger; offline?: boolean; permissions?: string[]; proxy?: { bypass?: string; password?: string; server: string; username?: string }; recordHar?: { content?: embed | omit | attach; mode?: full | minimal; omitContent?: boolean; path: string; urlFilter?: string | RegExp }; recordVideo?: { dir: string; size?: { height: number; width: number } }; reducedMotion?: reduce | no-preference; screen?: { height: number; width: number }; serviceWorkers?: block | allow; storageState?: string | { cookies: { domain: string; expires: number; httpOnly: boolean; name: string; path: string; sameSite: Strict | Lax | None; secure: boolean; value: string }[]; origins: { localStorage: { name: string; value: string }[]; origin: string }[] }; strictSelectors?: boolean; timezoneId?: string; userAgent?: string; videoSize?: { height: number; width: number }; videosPath?: string; viewport?: null | { height: number; width: number } }, Page>, LaunchContext<BrowserType<{}>, undefined | LaunchOptions, Browser, undefined | { acceptDownloads?: boolean; baseURL?: string; bypassCSP?: boolean; colorScheme?: light | dark | no-preference; deviceScaleFactor?: number; extraHTTPHeaders?: {}; forcedColors?: none | active; geolocation?: { accuracy?: number; latitude: number; longitude: number }; hasTouch?: boolean; httpCredentials?: { password: string; username: string }; ignoreHTTPSErrors?: boolean; isMobile?: boolean; javaScriptEnabled?: boolean; locale?: string; logger?: Logger; offline?: boolean; permissions?: string[]; proxy?: { bypass?: string; password?: string; server: string; username?: string }; recordHar?: { content?: embed | omit | attach; mode?: full | minimal; omitContent?: boolean; path: string; urlFilter?: string | RegExp }; recordVideo?: { dir: string; size?: { height: number; width: number } }; reducedMotion?: reduce | no-preference; screen?: { height: number; width: number }; serviceWorkers?: block | allow; storageState?: string | { cookies: { domain: string; expires: number; httpOnly: boolean; name: string; path: string; sameSite: Strict | Lax | None; secure: boolean; value: string }[]; origins: { localStorage: { name: string; value: string }[]; origin: string }[] }; strictSelectors?: boolean; timezoneId?: string; userAgent?: string; videoSize?: { height: number; width: number }; videosPath?: string; viewport?: null | { height: number; width: number } }, Page>, undefined | { acceptDownloads?: boolean; baseURL?: string; bypassCSP?: boolean; colorScheme?: light | dark | no-preference; deviceScaleFactor?: number; extraHTTPHeaders?: {}; forcedColors?: none | active; geolocation?: { accuracy?: number; latitude: number; longitude: number }; hasTouch?: boolean; httpCredentials?: { password: string; username: string }; ignoreHTTPSErrors?: boolean; isMobile?: boolean; javaScriptEnabled?: boolean; locale?: string; logger?: Logger; offline?: boolean; permissions?: string[]; proxy?: { bypass?: string; password?: string; server: string; username?: string }; recordHar?: { content?: embed | omit | attach; mode?: full | minimal; omitContent?: boolean; path: string; urlFilter?: string | RegExp }; recordVideo?: { dir: string; size?: { height: number; width: number } }; reducedMotion?: reduce | no-preference; screen?: { height: number; width: number }; serviceWorkers?: block | allow; storageState?: string | { cookies: { domain: string; expires: number; httpOnly: boolean; name: string; path: string; sameSite: Strict | Lax | None; secure: boolean; value: string }[]; origins: { localStorage: { name: string; value: string }[]; origin: string }[] }; strictSelectors?: boolean; timezoneId?: string; userAgent?: string; videoSize?: { height: number; width: number }; videosPath?: string; viewport?: null | { height: number; width: number } }, Page>

A reference to the underlying BrowserPool class that manages the crawler’s browsers.

readonlyconfig

config: Configuration = ...

launchContext

launchContext: BrowserLaunchContext<LaunchOptions, unknown>

optionalproxyConfiguration

proxyConfiguration?: ProxyConfiguration

A reference to the underlying ProxyConfiguration class that manages the crawler’s proxies. Only available if used by the crawler.

optionalrequestList

requestList?: RequestList

A reference to the underlying RequestList class that manages the crawler’s requests. Only available if used by the crawler.

optionalrequestQueue

requestQueue?: RequestQueue

Dynamic queue of URLs to be processed. This is useful for recursive crawling of websites. A reference to the underlying RequestQueue class that manages the crawler’s requests. Only available if used by the crawler.

readonlyrouter

router: RouterHandler<PlaywrightCrawlingContext<Dictionary<any>>> = ...

Default Router instance that will be used if we don’t specify any requestHandler. See router.addHandler() and router.addDefaultHandler().

optionalsessionPool

sessionPool?: SessionPool

A reference to the underlying SessionPool class that manages the crawler’s sessions. Only available if used by the crawler.

readonlystats

stats: Statistics

A reference to the underlying Statistics class that collects and logs run statistics for requests.

Methods

addRequests

getRequestQueue

  • Returns Promise<RequestQueue>

run

  • Runs the crawler. Returns a promise that gets resolved once all the requests are processed. We can use the requests parameter to enqueue the initial requests - it is a shortcut for running crawler.addRequests() before the crawler.run().


    Parameters

    Returns Promise<FinalStatistics>

useState

  • useState<State>(defaultValue?: State): Promise<State>
  • Type parameters

    • State: Dictionary<any> = Dictionary<any>

    Parameters

    • defaultValue: State = ...

    Returns Promise<State>