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BasicCrawler <Context>

Provides a simple framework for parallel crawling of web pages. The URLs to crawl are fed either from a static list of URLs or from a dynamic queue of URLs enabling recursive crawling of websites.

BasicCrawler is a low-level tool that requires the user to implement the page download and data extraction functionality themselves. If we want a crawler that already facilitates this functionality, we should consider using CheerioCrawler, PuppeteerCrawler or PlaywrightCrawler.

BasicCrawler invokes the user-provided requestHandler for each Request object, which represents a single URL to crawl. The Request objects are fed from the RequestList or RequestQueue instances provided by the requestList or requestQueue constructor options, respectively. If neither requestList nor requestQueue options are provided, the crawler will open the default request queue either when the crawler.addRequests() function is called, or if requests parameter (representing the initial requests) of the crawler.run() function is provided.

If both requestList and requestQueue options are used, the instance first processes URLs from the RequestList and automatically enqueues all of them to the RequestQueue before it starts their processing. This ensures that a single URL is not crawled multiple times.

The crawler finishes if there are no more Request objects to crawl.

New requests are only dispatched when there is enough free CPU and memory available, using the functionality provided by the AutoscaledPool class. All AutoscaledPool configuration options can be passed to the autoscaledPoolOptions parameter of the BasicCrawler constructor. For user convenience, the minConcurrency and maxConcurrency options of the underlying AutoscaledPool constructor are available directly in the BasicCrawler constructor.

Example usage:

import { BasicCrawler, Dataset } from 'crawlee';

// Create a crawler instance
const crawler = new BasicCrawler({
async requestHandler({ request, sendRequest }) {
// 'request' contains an instance of the Request class
// Here we simply fetch the HTML of the page and store it to a dataset
const { body } = await sendRequest({
url: request.url,
method: request.method,
body: request.payload,
headers: request.headers,
});

await Dataset.pushData({
url: request.url,
html: body,
})
},
});

// Enqueue the initial requests and run the crawler
await crawler.run([
'http://www.example.com/page-1',
'http://www.example.com/page-2',
]);

Hierarchy

Index

Constructors

constructor

Properties

optionalautoscaledPool

autoscaledPool?: AutoscaledPool

A reference to the underlying AutoscaledPool class that manages the concurrency of the crawler.

NOTE: This property is only initialized after calling the crawler.run() function. We can use it to change the concurrency settings on the fly, to pause the crawler by calling autoscaledPool.pause() or to abort it by calling autoscaledPool.abort().

readonlyconfig

config: Configuration = ...

optionalrequestList

requestList?: RequestList

A reference to the underlying RequestList class that manages the crawler's requests. Only available if used by the crawler.

optionalrequestQueue

requestQueue?: RequestProvider

Dynamic queue of URLs to be processed. This is useful for recursive crawling of websites. A reference to the underlying RequestQueue class that manages the crawler's requests. Only available if used by the crawler.

readonlyrouter

router: RouterHandler<Context> = ...

Default Router instance that will be used if we don't specify any requestHandler. See router.addHandler() and router.addDefaultHandler().

optionalrunning

running?: boolean

optionalsessionPool

sessionPool?: SessionPool

A reference to the underlying SessionPool class that manages the crawler's sessions. Only available if used by the crawler.

readonlystats

stats: Statistics

A reference to the underlying Statistics class that collects and logs run statistics for requests.

Methods

addRequests

  • Adds requests to the queue in batches. By default, it will resolve after the initial batch is added, and continue adding the rest in background. You can configure the batch size via batchSize option and the sleep time in between the batches via waitBetweenBatchesMillis. If you want to wait for all batches to be added to the queue, you can use the waitForAllRequestsToBeAdded promise you get in the response object.


    Parameters

    Returns Promise<CrawlerAddRequestsResult>

exportData

  • exportData<Data>(path: string, format?: json | csv, options?: DatasetExportOptions): Promise<Data[]>
  • Retrieves all the data from the default crawler Dataset and exports them to the specified format. Supported formats are currently 'json' and 'csv', and will be inferred from the path automatically.


    Type parameters

    • Data

    Parameters

    Returns Promise<Data[]>

getData

getDataset

  • getDataset(idOrName?: string): Promise<Dataset<Dictionary>>
  • Retrieves the specified Dataset, or the default crawler Dataset.


    Parameters

    • optionalidOrName: string

    Returns Promise<Dataset<Dictionary>>

getRequestQueue

pushData

  • pushData(data: Dictionary | Dictionary[], datasetIdOrName?: string): Promise<void>
  • Pushes data to the specified Dataset, or the default crawler Dataset by calling Dataset.pushData.


    Parameters

    • data: Dictionary | Dictionary[]
    • optionaldatasetIdOrName: string

    Returns Promise<void>

run

  • Runs the crawler. Returns a promise that gets resolved once all the requests are processed. We can use the requests parameter to enqueue the initial requests - it is a shortcut for running crawler.addRequests() before the crawler.run().


    Parameters

    Returns Promise<FinalStatistics>

setStatusMessage

  • This method is periodically called by the crawler, every statusMessageLoggingInterval seconds.


    Parameters

    Returns Promise<void>

useState

  • useState<State>(defaultValue?: State): Promise<State>
  • Type parameters

    • State: Dictionary = Dictionary

    Parameters

    • defaultValue: State = ...

    Returns Promise<State>